James Crawford SC, FBA, is Whewell Professor of International Law at the University of Cambridge and senior fellow at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, which he directed until 2010. He is also senior Editor of the British Yearbook of International Law. In his capacity as member of the International Law Commission (1992 to 2001), he was responsible for the ILC’s Draft Statute for an International Criminal Court (1994) and the ILC’s Articles on State Responsibility (2001).
James Crawford has an extensive practice in international law and international arbitration, appearing before the ICJ and ITLOS, as well as investor-state arbitral tribunals established under the ICSID Convention, or ad hoc under the UNCITRAL rules. He has been an arbitrator in ICSID and ad hoc arbitrations as well as in inter-state cases.
Publications relevant to SHARES include:
— “Revising the Draft Articles on State Responsibility”, (1999) 10 European Journal of International Law 435-460; reprinted in J Crawford, International Law as an Open System. Selected Essays (Cameron & May, London, 2002) pp. 303-316
— “The Standing of States: A Critique of Article 40 of the ILC’s Draft Articles on State Responsibility”, in M. Andenas (ed.), Judicial Review in International Perspective. Liber Amicorum for Gordon Slynn (Kluwer, The Hague, 2000) 25-44; reprinted in J Crawford, International Law as an Open System. Selected Essays (Cameron & May, London, 2002) pp. 317-340
— “The Relationship between Sanctions and Countermeasures”, in V Gowlland-Debbas (ed.), United Nations Sanctions and International Law (Kluwer, The Hague, 2001) 57-68
— The ILC’s Articles on State Responsibility: Introduction, Text and Commentaries (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002)
— “Responsibility to the International Community as a Whole”, Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, vol. 8 (2001) 303-322; reprinted in J Crawford, International Law as an Open System. Selected Essays (Cameron & May, London, 2002) pp. 341-360
— “The Exception of Non-performance: Links between the Law of Treaties and the Law of State Responsibility” (with S Olleson), Australian Yearbook of International Law, vol. 21 pp. 55-74 (2001)
— (with Simon Olleson) “The Nature and Forms of International Responsibility” in M Evans (ed), International Law (OUP, Oxford, 2003) 445-472; (2nd edn, 2006), 451-478
— (with Simon Olleson), “The Continuing Debate on a UN Convention on State Responsibility” (2005) 54 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 959-971
— “Responsibility of States and Non-State Actors” (2005) 104 Kokusaiho Gaiko Zassi (Journal of International Law and Diplomacy 42-64
— “The ILC Articles on Diplomatic Protection”, (2006) 31 South African Yearbook of International Law 1-37
— “Multilateral Rights and Obligations in International Law”, (2006) 319 Recueil des cours 325-482
— (with Alain Pellet and Simon Olleson, eds), The Law of International Responsibility (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2010)